CentOS 7 通过源码安装 re2c 最新版,解决 configure: WARNING: You will need re2c 0.13.4 or later if you want to regenerate PHP parsers 问题。

1、准备编译环境

yum -y install git automake gcc+ gcc-c++ libtool

2、获取源码、并编译安装

git clone https://github.com/skvadrik/re2c.git re2c
cd re2c
mkdir -p m4
./autogen.sh && ./configure --prefix=/usr && make
sudo make install

备用下载地址: https://down.24kplus.com/linux/re2c-1.1.1.tar.gz

3、检查是否安装成功

re2c -v

re2c 1.1.1

官方安装文档:http://re2c.org/install/install.html

MySQL

1、安装 MySQL 源

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm

2、选择想要安装的版本

使用MySQL Yum repository 时,默认选择安装MySQL的最新GA版本。 如果是你想要安装的,你可以跳到下一步,用 Yum 安装 MySQL。

yum repolist all | grep mysql

如果安装最新的GA版本,不需要进行任何配置。 要从最新GA版本以外的特定版本 安装最新版本,请在运行安装命令之前禁用最新GA版本的子 repository 并启用特定版本的子 repository。执行以下命令来执行此操作,这些命令禁用8.0版本的子 repository 并启用5.7版本的子 repository:

sudo yum-config-manager --disable mysql80-community
sudo yum-config-manager --enable mysql57-community

运行以下命令并检查其输出来验证是否已启用和禁用了正确的子 repository

yum repolist enabled | grep mysql

3、开始安装 MySQL

sudo yum install mysql-community-server

4、启动 MySQL 服务

sudo systemctl start mysqld.service

检查 MySQL 是否正确启动:

sudo systemctl status mysqld.service

5、修改登录密码

通过以下命令查看默认的临时密码:

sudo grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

登录 MySQL

mysql -u root -p

修改密码,并使密码生效 (注意 NewPassword 替换为你想要设置的登录密码) :

ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'NewPassword';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

6、开启 root 用户远程访问(可选)

执行以下命令(注意 Password 替换为你想要设置的登录密码):

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'Password' WITH GRANT OPTION;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

官方英文安装文档:https://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql-yum-repo-quick-guide/en/

Docker

Docker是一个开放源代码软件项目,让应用程序部署在软件货柜下的工作可以自动化进行,借此在Linux操作系统上,提供一个额外的软件抽象层,以及操作系统层虚拟化的自动管理机制。

1、卸载旧版 Docker

老版本的 Docker 被称为 dockerdocker-engine 。如果安装了,需要先卸载它们以及相关的依赖项。

sudo yum remove docker \
                  docker-client \
                  docker-client-latest \
                  docker-common \
                  docker-latest \
                  docker-latest-logrotate \
                  docker-logrotate \
                  docker-engine

2、添加 Docker CE 源

wget https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
sudo mv docker-ce.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo

3、安装 Docker CE 和 Containered 最新版

sudo yum install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

4、启动 Docker CE 服务

#启动 docker
sudo systemctl start docker
#设置 docker 自启动
sudo systemctl enable docker

查看 Docker CE 版本

docker -v

Docker version 18.09.6, build 481bc77156

官方英文安装: https://docs.docker.com/install/linux/docker-ce/centos/

Welcome to nginx!

安装

1、准备编译环境

yum -y install libxml2 libxml2-devel libxslt-devel gd-devel gperftools libuuid-devel libblkid-devel libudev-devel fuse-devel libedit-devel libatomic_ops-devel gcc-c++

以及安装 libmaxminddb(如不启用 GeoIP2 模块可以忽略)

2、下载并解压

由于 GeoIP 官方已不再支持,如果要支持最新 GeoIP2 ,需要添加ngx_http_geoip2_module。下载 GeoIP2 模块

git clone https://github.com/leev/ngx_http_geoip2_module.git

下载,解压

wget https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz
tar -xvf nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.16.0

3、配置并构建 Nginx

./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local \
--sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
--modules-path=/usr/lib64/nginx/modules \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp \
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp \
--user=nginx \
--group=nginx \
--with-select_module \
--with-poll_module \
--with-threads \
--with-file-aio \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_v2_module \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-http_addition_module \
--with-http_xslt_module \
--with-http_xslt_module=dynamic \
--with-http_image_filter_module \
--with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic \
--with-http_sub_module \
--with-http_dav_module \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_mp4_module \
--with-http_gunzip_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_auth_request_module \
--with-http_random_index_module \
--with-http_secure_link_module \
--with-http_degradation_module \
--with-http_slice_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-mail \
--with-mail=dynamic \
--with-mail_ssl_module \
--with-stream \
--with-stream=dynamic \
--with-stream_ssl_module \
--with-stream_realip_module \
--with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
--with-google_perftools_module \
--with-cpp_test_module \
--with-compat \
--with-pcre \
--with-pcre-jit \
--with-libatomic \
--with-cc-opt='-O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -fPIC' \
--with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now -pie' \
--add-dynamic-module=../ngx_http_geoip2_module
make
sudo make install

查看 Nginx 是否安装成功

nginx -v

nginx version: nginx/1.16.0

4、创建 nginx 用户

groupadd nginx
useradd -g nginx nginx

5、创建 nginx cache 文件夹

mkdir /var/cache/nginx

6、配置 nginx.service

sudo vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

复制粘贴:

[Unit]
Description=nginx - high performance web server
Documentation=http://nginx.org/en/docs/
After=network-online.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target
Wants=network-online.target

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/var/run/nginx.pid
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s TERM $MAINPID

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

7、启用 GeoIP2 模块(可选)

编辑 /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 文件

在 events 之前加入:

load_module /usr/lib64/nginx/modules/ngx_http_geoip2_module.so;

在 http 内加入以下代码:

#/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP2-Country.mmdb 替换为实际路径
geoip2 /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP2-Country.mmdb {
    auto_reload 60m;
    $geoip2_metadata_country_build metadata build_epoch;
    $geoip2_data_country_code country iso_code;
    $geoip2_data_country_name country names en;
}

#/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP2-City.mmdb 替换为实际路径
geoip2 /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP2-City.mmdb {
    auto_reload 60m;
    $geoip2_data_city_name city names en;
}

fastcgi_param COUNTRY_CODE $geoip2_data_country_code;
fastcgi_param COUNTRY_NAME $geoip2_data_country_name;
fastcgi_param CITY_NAME    $geoip2_data_city_name;

8、启动 nginx 服务

systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx

解决 error: the HTTP XSLT module requires the libxml2/libxslt 错误

yum -y install libxml2 libxml2-dev
yum -y install libxslt-devel

解决 error: the HTTP image filter module requires the GD library. 错误

yum -y install gd-devel

解决 error: the GeoIP module requires the GeoIP library. 错误

yum -y install GeoIP GeoIP-devel GeoIP-data

解决 error: the Google perftools module requires the Google perftools 错误

yum -y install gperftools

解决 error: libatomic_ops library was not found. 错误

yum -y install libuuid-devel libblkid-devel libudev-devel fuse-devel libedit-devel libatomic_ops-devel

解决 error trying to exec 'cc1plus': execvp: No such file or directory 错误

yum -y install gcc-c++

解决 error: [pool www] cannot get uid for user 'www-data' 错误

groupadd www-data
useradd -g www-data www-data

解决configure: error: mbed TLS libraries not found. 错误。

需要安装mbedtls,教程:https://www.24kplus.com/linux/281.html

解决 error: Cannot find OpenSSL's <evp.h> 错误

yum install openssl openssl-devel
ln -s /usr/lib64/libssl.so /usr/lib/

解决 error: Libtool library used but 'LIBTOOL' is undefined 错误

yum install libtool

解决 exec: g++: not found 错误

yum -y update gcc
yum -y install gcc+ gcc-c++

解决 configure: error: tss lib not found: libtspi.so 错误

yum install trousers-devel

解决 Can't exec "autopoint": No such file or directory 错误

yum install gettext gettext-devel gettext-common-devel

解决 configure: error: libcrypto not found. 错误

yum remove openssl-devel
yum -y install openssl-devel

解决 configure: error: Package requirements (libffi >= 3.0.0) were not met: No package 'libffi' found 错误

yum install libffi-devel

解决 fatal error: uuid.h: No such file or directory 错误

yum install e2fsprogs-devel uuid-devel libuuid-devel

解决 configure: error: openssl lib not found: libcrypto.so 错误

yum install openssl-devel

解决 tar (child): lbzip2: Cannot exec: No such file or directory 错误

yum -y install bzip2

解决 configure: error: C++ preprocessor "/lib/cpp" fails sanity check 错误

yum install gcc-c++

解决 configure: error: Please reinstall the BZip2 distribution 错误

yum install bzip2 bzip2-devel

解决 configure: error: cURL version 7.15.5 or later is required to compile php with cURL support 错误

yum install curl-devel

解决 configure: error: not found. Please provide a path to MagickWand-config or Wand-config program 错误

yum install ImageMagick-devel

解决 configure: error: no acceptable C compiler found in $PATH 错误

yum install gcc

解决 configure: error: Package requirements (icu-uc >= 50.1 icu-io icu-i18n) were not met: 错误

yum install libicu-devel

解决 configure: error: Package requirements (sqlite3 > 3.7.4) were not met: No package 'sqlite3' found 错误

yum install sqlite-devel

解决 configure: error: Package requirements (oniguruma) were not met: No package 'oniguruma' found 错误

yum install oniguruma oniguruma-devel

注意:.NET Core仅支持64位系统。

1、添加 dotnet repos

在安装.NET之前,需要注册 Microsoft key,注册 repos 并安装所需的依赖项。

打开 terminal 并运行以下命令:

sudo rpm -Uvh https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/7/packages-microsoft-prod.rpm

2、 安装 .NET SDK

在 terminal 中,运行以下命令:

sudo yum update
sudo yum install dotnet-sdk-2.2

官方英文原文:https://dotnet.microsoft.com/download/linux-package-manager/centos/sdk-current

解决configure: error: The Sodium crypto library libraries not found.错误。

1、下载并解压

wget https://download.libsodium.org/libsodium/releases/libsodium-1.0.18-stable.tar.gz
tar -zxf libsodium-1.0.18-stable.tar.gz
cd libsodium-stable

备用下载地址:https://down.24kplus.com/linux/libsodium-1.0.18-stable.tar.gz

2、编译安装

./configure --prefix=/usr
make && make check
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig

如出现以下错误:

config.status: error: Something went wrong bootstrapping makefile fragments
     for automatic dependency tracking.  Try re-running configure with the
     '--disable-dependency-tracking' option to at least be able to build
     the package (albeit without support for automatic dependency tracking). 

执行:

yum install make -y

更多错误解决方案:https://www.24kplus.com/linux/400.html

1、先安装yum-utils

yum install yum-utils -y

2、设置yum repos

创建文件/etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

sudo vi /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

复制粘贴:

[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key

[nginx-mainline]
name=nginx mainline repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key

默认情况下,安装稳定版(stable)nginx,如果要安装主线版本(mainline) nginx包,请运行以下命令:

sudo yum-config-manager --enable nginx-mainline

3、安装nginx

sudo yum install nginx -y

查看nginx版本

nginx -v

nginx version: nginx/1.16.0

3、启动 nginx

#启动
systemctl start nginx
#检查状态
systemctl status nginx
#设置自启动
systemctl enable nginx

到此,Nginx安装结束。

官方英文原文:http://nginx.org/en/linux_packages.html#RHEL-CentOS

CentOS 7/8 源码安装 mbedtls 2.16.3, 解决configure: error: mbed TLS libraries not found. 错误。

1、下载并解压

wget https://tls.mbed.org/download/mbedtls-2.16.3-gpl.tgz
tar -xf mbedtls-2.16.3-gpl.tgz
cd mbedtls-2.16.3

备用下载地址:https://down.24kplus.com/linux/mbedtls/mbedtls-2.16.3-gpl.tgz

2、编译安装

make
make DESTDIR=/usr install
ldconfig

如果出现 make[1]: python2: Command not found 错误,执行:

yum -y install python2

如果出现 /usr/bin/env: ‘perl’: No such file or directory 错误,执行:

yum -y install perl

CentOS 安装 shadowsocks-libev, 本教程仅提供学习,请勿用于商业用途和不法行为。

如果你觉得安装步骤繁杂,可以试试 一键安装 shadowsocks-libev

1、准备编译环境

CentOS 7

yum install gcc gettext autoconf libtool automake make pcre-devel asciidoc xmlto c-ares-devel libev-devel libsodium-devel mbedtls-devel -y

CentOS 8

yum install gcc gettext autoconf libtool automake make pcre-devel asciidoc xmlto c-ares-devel libev-devel -y

2、获取shadowsocks-libev源码, 并安装

yum install git
git clone https://github.com/shadowsocks/shadowsocks-libev.git
cd shadowsocks-libev
git submodule update --init
./autogen.sh && ./configure --disable-documentation && make
sudo make install

如果出现 error: The Sodium crypto library libraries not found 错误,安装 libsodium

如果出现 error: mbed TLS libraries not found. 错误,安装 mbedtls

3、 创建配置文件

sudo mkdir /etc/shadowsocks-libev
sudo vi /etc/shadowsocks-libev/config.json

复制粘贴如下内容(注意修改密码“password”):

{
     "server":"0.0.0.0",
     "server_port":8388,
     "local_port":1080,
     "password":"password",
     "timeout":600,
     "method":"aes-256-cfb" ,
     "fast_open": false
 }

4、创建Shadowsocks-libev.service配置文件

sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/shadowsocks-libev.service

复制粘贴:

[Unit]
Description=Shadowsocks-libev Server
Documentation=https://shadowsocks.org/en/
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/ss-server -c /etc/shadowsocks-libev/config.json -u
Restart=on-abort

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

5、启动 Shadowsocks-libev 服务

sudo systemctl start shadowsocks-libev

6、设置开机启动

sudo systemctl enable shadowsocks-libev

至此, Shadowsocks-libev服务器端的基本配置已经全部完成了!

设置防火墙开放端口

开放 tcp/udp 8388 端口

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=8388/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=8388/udp --permanent

重新载入防火墙配置,使规则生效

sudo systemctl restart firewalld

优化 Shadowsocks-libev 直达航班: 优化 shadowsocks-libev 网络

最后送上Windows 客户端 Shadowsocks-4.1.7.1.zip